Interventions and Solutions

The IDRC provides tools and resources to school corporations as they address sources of inequality, including those that are rooted in existing policies, practices, and procedures. These resources address specific issues related to culturally responsive change, and offer practical, evidence-based solutions that LEAs can implement for long-term change.


School Discipline and Disparities Tools and Resources


Activities to Teach and Implement New Behavior Doc

Classroom Management Self-Assessment Doc

Connecting With Students Doc

Preventing Defiance Doc

School Discipline Resource Guide Doc

Good Behavior Game

Planning and implementing evidence-based interventions

Teaching restorative practices in the classroom Doc


Discipline Disparities: Myths and Facts

How Educators Can Eradicate Disparities in School Discipline: A Briefing Paper on School-Based Interventions Doc

New and Developing Research on Disparities in Discipline Doc

Promising Programs for Reducing Disparities

Race is Not Neutral: Understanding and Addressing Disproportionality in School Discipline Doc

School Discipline Planning

School Discipline Resource Guide Doc

Achievements Mentoring

Center for Civil Rights Remedies

Check and Connect

Counseling versus punishment

Fix School Discipline

Guiding Principles: A Resource Guide for Improving School Climate and Discipline Doc

I Can Problem Solve (ICPS)

International Institute for Restorative Practices

National Association of School Psychologists resource directory

Office of Safe and Healthy Students

Restorative Justice

Safer, Saner Schools

San Francisco United School District Restorative Practices Plan

Promising Programs for Reducing Disparities


Skiba, R. & Sprague, J. (2008). "Safety without Suspensions." Educational Leadership, 66: 1, 38-43.

Dupper, D.,Theriot, M.T., & Craun, S.W. (2009). Reducing Out-of-School Suspensions: Practice Guidelines for School Social Workers. Children & Schools, 31(1), 6-14.

Owen, J., Wettach, J. & Hoffman, K. C. (2015). Instead of Suspension: Alternative Strategies for Effective School Discipline. Durham, N.C.: Duke Center for Child and Family Policy and Duke Law School. Doc

Restorative Practices Working Group. (2014.) Restorative Practices: Fostering Healthy Relationships and Promoting Positive Discipline in Schools. New York City, NY: The Atlantic Philanthropies. Doc

Documents from This Webinar

Disproportionate Representation of_Autism Doc

Should we believe the CDC prevalence numbers Doc

Autism Identifcation Doc

Autism Educational-vs-Medical Doc

CLD and ASD_tools Doc

ASD Checklist Doc

Autism Tools and Resources


There are currently no additional tools listed on this topic.


Racial Disparities in the Identification of Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder Doc

Article 7 Eligibility Areas

Autism support

Color of Autism foundation

FAR Foundation for Autism Resources

Hands in Autism

Indiana Resource Center for Autism

Medical Diagnosis of ASD vs. Educational Diagnosis of ASD Doc


Arnold, C. (25 May 2016). Autism’s Race Problem. Pacific Standard.
Available here

Becker H., Seay P., & Morrison J. (2009). Differences in the prevalence of autism among Black, Hispanic, and White students. Multicultural Learning and Teaching, 4(1), 45–57.

Centers for Disease Control. (2009). Prevalence of autism spectrum disorders—Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, United States, 2008. MMWR: Surveillance Summaries, 58(SS-10), 1–20.

Dyches T., Wilder L., Sudweeks R., Obiakor F., & Algozzine B. (2004). Multicultural issues in Autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 34(2), 211–222.

Harris, B., Barton, E. E., & Albert, C. (2014). Evaluating Autism Diagnostic and Screening Tools for Cultural and Linguistic Responsiveness. Journal of Autism & Developmental Disorders, 44(6), 1275-1287.

Mandell D. S., Ittenbach, R. F., Levy, S. E., Pinto-Martin, J.A. (2007). Disparities in diagnoses received prior to diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism & Developmental Disorders, 37(9), 1795–1802.

Mandell D. S., Listerud J., Levy S. E., & Pinto-Martin J. A. (2002). Race differences in the age at diagnosis among Medicaid-eligible children with autism. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 41(12), 1447–1453.

Mandell, David S. et al. (2009). Racial/Ethnic disparities in the identification of children with autism Spectrum Disorders. American Journal of Public Health, 99(3), 493-498.

Morrier, M. J. & Hess, K. L. (2010). Ethnic differences in autism eligibility in the United States public schools. Journal of Special Education, 46(1), 41-63.

Morrier, M. J., Hess, K. L., & Heflin, L. J. (2008). Ethnic disproportionality in students with autism spectrum disorders. Multicultural Education, 16(1), 31-38.

Palmer R. F., Walker T., Mandell D., Bayles B., & Miller C. S. (2009). Explaining low rates of autism among Hispanic schoolchildren in Texas. American Journal of Public Health, 100, 270–272.

Sullivan, A. L. (2013). School-based autism identification: Prevalence, racial disparities, and systemic correlates. School Psychology Review, 42(3), 298-316.

Tek, S. & Landa, R. J. (2012). Differences in Autism Symptoms Between Minority and Non-Minority Toddlers. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42(9), 1967-1973.

Tincani M., Travers J. C., & Boutot A. (2009). Race, culture, and autism spectrum disorder: Understanding the role of diversity in successful educational interventions. Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 34, 81–90.

Travers J. C., Tincani M., & Krezmien M. (2013). A multiyear national profile of racial disparity in autism identification. Journal of Special Education, 47(1), 41-49.

Travers, J., Krezmien, M. P., Mulcahy, C., & Tincani, M. (2012). Racial Disparities in Administrative Autism Identification Across the United States during 2000 and 2007. The Journal of Special Education, 48(3), 155-166.

Cognitive Disability Tools and Resources


Indiana Statewide Assessment Resource Guide and Toolkit Doc


Alternate Achievement Standards for Students with the Most Significant Cognitive Disabilities Doc

Alternative Assessments

Indiana Standards Tools for Alternative Reporting (ISTAR)

Indiana Department of Education Project Success


Cushing, L.S., Clark, N.M., Carter, E.W., & Kennedy, C.H. (2005). Access to the General Education Curriculum for Students with Significant Cognitive Disabilities. Teaching Exceptional Children, 38(2), 6-13

Kleinert, H.L. & Kearns, J.F. (2010) Alternative Assessment for Students with Significant Cognitive Disabilities: An Educator’s Guide. Baltimore: Brookes Publishing.

Richards, S., Brady, M.P., Taylor, R.L. (2015). Cognitive and intellectual disabilities: historical perspectives, current practices, and future directions. New York: Routledge.


Harris-Murri, N., King, K., & Rostenberg, D. (2006). Reducing Disproportionate Minority Representation in Special Education Programs for Students with Emotional Disturbances: Toward a Culturally Responsive Intervention Model. Education and Treatment of Children, 29(4), 779-799.

Gresham, F.M. (2005). Response to intervention: An alternative means of identifying students as emotionally disturbed. Education and Treatment of Children, 28(4), 328-344.

Coutinho, M.J., Oswald, D.P., Best, A.M., & Forness, S.R. (2002). Gender and Sociodemographic Factors and the Disproportionate Identification of Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students with Emotional Disturbance. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 25(1), 75-95.

O’Shaughnessy, T.E., Lane, K.L., Gresham, F.M., & Beebe-Frankenberger, M.E. (2002). Children placed at risk for learning and behavioral difficulties: Implementing a school-wide system of early identification and intervention. Remedial and Special Education, 24(1), 27-35.

Tan, P., Vaiouli, P., Ochoa, T.A., (2011). Emotional and behavioral disorders: Promoting prevention and positive interventions in school settings. Center for Evaluation Education Policy,9(5), 1-12. Doc

Documents from This Webinar

8 SLD Considerations Doc

Exclusionary Factors Worksheet Doc

File review Checklist Doc

Webinar on SLD Doc

TAS Summary with Reflection Questions Doc

Team Accomplishment Sheet Doc

Specific Learning Disability Tools and Resources


SLD Evaluation: Linking Cognitive Assessment Data to Learning Strategies


There are currently no additional resources listed on this topic.


Blumberg Center for Interdisciplinary Studies in Special Education. (2011). Considerations in Specific Learning Disability evaluation and eligibility determination. Terre Haute, IN: Effective Evaluation Resource Center. Doc

Johnson, E. S. (2014). Identification and evaluation of learning disabilities: The school team’s guide to student success. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.


There is currently no bibliography compiled for this topic.